Ginger, Zingiber officinale, is an erect, herbaceousperennial plant in the family Zingiberaceae grown for its edible rhizome(underground stem) which is widely used as a spice. Ginger is popularly used asa spice in cooking and can be used either fresh, dried or powdered. The freshrhizome can be used to extract ginger essential oil. Ginger may also be used toflavor beverages. Ginger continues to be a popular folk remedy in China andIndia. Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. It is used in cold andcough and as a febrifuge. It is used to flavour food stuffand used as acondiment in curries.