At 86 calories per 100 g, sugar corn kernels are moderately high in calories in comparison to other vegetables. However, fresh sweet corn has much fewer calories than that of in the field corn and other cereal grains like wheat, rice, etc. Their calorie chiefly comes from simpler carbohydrates like glucose, sucrose than complex sugars like amylose and amylopectin, which is a case in the cereals.
Sweet corn is a gluten-free cereal and may be used safely in celiac disease individuals much like rice, quinoa, etc.
Sugar corn features a high-quality phyto-nutrition profile comprising of dietary fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants in addition to minerals in modest proportions. It is one of the finest sources of dietary fibers, 100 g kernels carry 2 g or 5% of the daily requirement of dietary fiber. Together with slow-digesting complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber in the food helps regulate a gradual increase in blood sugar levels. However, corn, in line with rice, potato, etc., is one of the high glycemic index food items, limiting its authority as the chief food ingredient in diabetes patients.
Yellow variety corn has significantly higher levels of phenolic flavonoid pigment antioxidants such as Ã-carotenes, and lutein, xanthins, and cryptoxanthin pigments along with vitamin-A. 100 g fresh kernels provide 187 IU or 6% of the daily requirement of vitamin-A. Altogether; these compounds are required for maintaining healthy mucosa, skin, and vision. Consumption of natural foods rich in flavonoids helps protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
Corn is a good source of the phenolic flavonoid antioxidant, ferulic acid. Several research studies suggest that ferulic acid plays a vital role in preventing cancers, aging, and inflammation in humans.
It also contains good levels of some of the valuable B-complex group of vitamins such as thiamin, niacin, pantothenic acid, folates, riboflavin, and pyridoxine. Many of these vitamins function as co-factors to enzymes during substrate metabolism.
Further, it contains healthy amounts of some essential minerals like zinc, magnesium, copper, iron, and manganese.